There are several methods to filter water. To remain healthy in a survival strait where you have no portable water to make do with you need to know how to filter water. However, this is not to say you should not make adequate preparations at getting hygienic water. Nonetheless, for expediency reasons you should know how to filter water. This article helps with you with that.
Getting your water filtered as you camp
✔ Opt for a physical filter
Pump filters are likely to be an option you can afford the most with this method. It however can be tardy and tedious. If you want to go on long trips, you should consider “gravity filters”, which are particularly a pair of bags that has a pipe. You may then fill the sack with filter with water. Thereafter, hang it up to let out the water via the filter into the hygienic bag.
This method is considered to be fast and easy to use and does not take anyone to move about a supply of throwaway filters.
These filters however do not shield anyone against viruses, however they are workable against bacteria. It is not all desert regions that need protection against viruses. You may need to examine your area disease control center.
✔ What about chemical disinfection
Realize that tablets are slow but they are inexpensive, and are effective against viruses and bacteria. Tablets come in two traditional modes:
✅ Lodine pills ought to be put in the water for about half an hour. They are at times sold with a companion pill for keeping the iodine taste.
✅ Chlorine dioxide pills usually possess a 30-minute wait time. You can use them.
✔ Make use of UV light therapy
Most UV light lamps could destroy viruses and bacteria but on the condition that the water is clear and you use the water for so long. Diverse UV lights possess different intensities, therefore you need to take to the instructions of the manufacturers.
✔ Boil water
This is an effective way to destroy pathogens, in as much as you allow the water boil for about three minutes. It might not be easy to boil the water many times daily, but be mindful that you would not require more filtration if you are boiling the water for a morning coffee already.
At high levels, you may need to boil the water for about four minutes, in as much as the water will at a lower temperature boil in the thin air. The high temperature and not the boiling process is responsible for destroying viruses and bacteria.
✔ Make use of stainless steel water bottles
Manufacturers craft rubber bottles that they expect users to fill and make use of because the rubber bottles can sever overtime, contributing potentially dangerous chemicals to the water and even containing bacteria. Some aluminum bottles usually possess an interior plastic layer, and they are not dishwasher secure, causing it to be herculean to clean up.
✔ Get the water straight from the spring outlet
If you’re fortunate to look for a mountain spring oozing from the rocks, it is often secure to drink straight from it – however this is not applicable some feet away.
Note however that is may not be a foolproof rule, and may be harmful in agro areas, regions with historic mining, or low-lift regions close to population centers.
To filter water in desert emergencies, we prescribe this procedure:
Make use of a prompt filter in an emergency
You need to strain water via a shirt, a bandana or coffee filters in order to eliminate noticeable debris. Allow the water to settle for some few minutes, so the particles remain on the base, after which you may turn it into a separate bowl. If it were possible at all, you may need to boil the water to destroy pathogens prior to drinking.
Prepare some charcoal
Charcoal makes an impressive water filter, and is indeed the stuff employed to sift water in most manufactured filters. You may prepare your charcoal in the open if you can build a fire. Get ready a sizzling wood fire and permit it to burn out totally. Cover it with dirt and ashes, then wait at least for some few hours before you dig it up again. Once the stuff becomes totally cool, you can then break up the burnt wood into little portions. By this simple process, you have done your own charcoal.
Note that while this charcoal process may not be as useful as store-bought charcoal that is not feasible to produce in the desert, some homemade charcoal may be much workable in some filter.
Make Ready some two containers
You would certainly need a “top container”, with a little perforation in the base for filtering and a “base container” to hold the water which you filtered. Below are some options:
✅ If you have access to a rubber bottle, you can split it in half and make use of each half as a container. Poke a perforation in the cap to use as a filtration hovel.
✅ Instead, you may opt in for two buckets which would also be useful, one with some hole cut into the base.
✅ In a survival circumstance where you have so little kit, look for a hollow plant like a fallen log or bamboo.
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Make use of some cloth to shield the filtration hole of the top container
So that the charcoal would not dissipate it is important for you to make use of sufficient cloth to totally cover the bottom.
After observing these procedures you may then
✅ Compactly pack the charcoal over the cloth
✅ Use pebbles or sand to cover the cloth
✅ Filter the water and Repeat the process until it is clean
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Which is the best way to filter water?
There are several ways with which you can use to accomplish the task. The most common ones that I would recommend include:
- Reverse osmosis.
- Distillation, and
- Carbon filtering.
Most companies that do the filtration of drinking water use the reverse osmosis method. Carbon osmosis, on the other hand, is the quickest and easiest to use.
However, it largely provides an aesthetic improvement. It is the procedure that all simple and affordable filters can do. Carbon filtering works in a similar way to reverse osmosis.
Can you filter water without the use of electricity?
There are several methods of filtration that do not require the use of electricity. Below are some of the examples:
It is one of the methods that has been in use since time immemorial. With this method, you will need to boil water to very high temperatures.
When it reaches the evaporation point, then turn off the source of heat and let it cool. In the meantime, you can transfer it to clean storage in readiness for use, especially drinking.
Pump water purifiers.
It involves the use of pumps that has purifiers water. They are always on the head of the tap. Before water jets out, the pump cleans it and discards the dirt element.
In this process, calcium plays a key role. It traps all the dirt, and hence leaving the water and fresh for use.
Other methods that you can use include:
- Hot rocks.
- Disinfecting water with solar.
- Chlorine bleach.
- And so on.
Some of these methods make the dirt to settle at the bottom of the water container. When fetching water, you have to be gentle so that you do not stir the water.
Which are the best water filters?
Several filters work best to filter the water. Some of them include:
- The Apex countertop drinking water filter.
- PUR faucet water filtration system.
- And so on.
It is important to note that filters work well under given conditions. Hard water, for example, will require the use of a strong filter, unlike when cleaning soft water.
Why should I filter water?
In several cases, water from the tap is dirty. That can occur either from the source or even within the tap. It is not healthy for one to consume such kind of water as it might cause some health complications in the long run.
Filtering will remove these elements, which might include solid matter and rust.
It might not, however, be necessary to filter such water. You can have some in a jug and place it inside the fridge. The dirt will denature, and the taste of chlorine will disappear as well.
Can I filter tap water without the use of a filter?
Yes, it is possible to filter it. Some of the ways that you can use in this process include:
- The use of chlorine drops.
- The use of ultraviolet light.
- The use of iodine solution, crystals, or even tablets.
Any of this procedure will get you clean water that is ready for use at any time!
Again, to achieve the best, you need to hygienically ensure things are treated the appropriate way they should be. That is how you can effectively filter your water.